Candace M. Hogue, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Kinesiology, Behavioral Sciences and Education [BSED]
Educational Activities Building, S208A
Penn State Harrisburg
Middletown, PA 17057
Office Hours: M/W 12:30 – 2:30 pm, and by appointment

Dr. Hogue engages in research and applied work in the fields of Sport & Exercise Psychology. She is most interested in using sport/physical activity settings as a means to help teach positive life skills to youth & to help optimize the health and well-being of participants of all skill levels. She is particularly interested in promoting female engagement in physical activity and the impact sport and exercise participation have on developing the competencies of female athletes and their well-being. Her research is focused on understanding participant stress and motivation in response to the motivational climate fostered by leaders in physical activity settings. Specifically, she examines how caring, task-involving (mastery-focused) climates vs. ego-involving (winning-focused) climates impact psychophysiological stress responses including inflammation and cortisol fluctuations, along with indicators of well-being and motivation. She has recently begun exploring how psychological skills training might help athletes respond more favorably to performance stress.


  • Performance stress and motivation in sport
  • Coaching education and empowering athletes through sport participation
  • Fostering a greater interest in sport and exercise
  • Youth Sport

Selected recent publications. For a full list of publication, please refer to the curriculum vitae on the left rail.

Fry, M.D., Hogue, C.M., Iwasaki, S. & Claunch, J. (in press). A successful collaboration between an Indigenous youth sport program and sport psychology faculty and students. Journal of Sport Psychology in Action.

Iwasaki, S., Fry, M.D., & Hogue, C.M. (2021). Mindful engagement mediates the relationship between motivational climate perceptions and coachability for male high school athletes. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology. Advanced online publication.

Fry, M.D., & Hogue, C.M. (2021). Foundational psychological theories, models, and constructs. Textbook chapter in The Association for Applied Sport Psychology’s Certified Mental Performance Consultant ® Essentials Resource Guide. Human Kinetics.

Fry, M.D., Hogue, C.M., Iwasaki, S. & Solomon, G.B. (2021) The relationship between the perceived motivational climate in elite collegiate sport and athlete psychological coping skills. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology. Advanced online publication.

Easton, L., Fry, M.D., Hogue, C.M. & Iwasaki, S. (2021). Goal orientations predict exercisers’ effort and enjoyment while engaged in physical activity and reasons for using a fitness tracker. Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae, 61(1), 1-13.

Hogue, C.M. (2020). Achievement goal theory-based psychological skills training session buffers youth athletes’ psychophysiological responses to performance stress. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 51(1), 1-10.

Hogue, C.M. (2019). The protective impact of a mental skills training session and motivational priming on participants’ psychophysiological responses to performance stress. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 45(1), 1-10.

Hogue, C.M., Fry, M.D., & Fry, A.C. (2019). The protective impact of learning to juggle in a caring, task-involving climate versus an ego-involving climate on participants’ inflammation, cortisol, and psychological responses. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 8(3), 273-289.

Hogue, C.M., Fry, M. D., & Iwasaki, S. (2019). The impact of the perceived motivational climate in physical education classes on adolescent greater life stress, coping appraisals, and experience of shame. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 8(3), 273-289.

Fry, M.D. & Hogue, C.M. (2018). Psychological considerations for children and adolescents in sport and performance. In O. Braddick (Ed.), Oxford research encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 1-27). Oxford University Press.

Hogue, C.M., Fry, M.D., & Fry, A.C. (2017). The differential impact of motivational climate on adolescents’ psychological and physiological stress responses. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 30(1), 118-127.

Breske, M.P., Fry, M.D., Fry, A.C., & Hogue, C.M. (2017). The effects of goal priming on cortisol responses in an ego-involving climate. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 32(1), 74-82.

Hogue, C.M., Pornprasertmanit, S., Fry, M.D., Rhemtulla, M., & Little, T.D. (2013). Planned missing data designs for spline growth models in salivary cortisol research. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 17(4), 310-325.

Hogue, C.M., Fry, M.D., Fry, A.C., & Pressman, S.D. (2013). The influence of a motivational climate intervention on participants’ salivary cortisol and psychological responses. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology 35(1), 85-97.



Ph.D., Health Education & Psychology of Physical Activity, University of Kansas (Sport & Exercise Psychology Concentration)

M.S.E., Psychology of Health & Physical Activity, University of Kansas (Sport & Exercise Pyschology Concentration)

B.B.A. in Marketing & B.S. in Psychology - Emory University

Psychology of Sport Performance (KINES 429)
Psychology of Movement Behavior (KINES 321)
Research Skills in Kinesiology (KINES 260)
Research Project in Kinesiology (KINES 462)
Preparation for Research Project in Kinesiology (KINES 461)
Meaning, Ethics, and Movement (KINES 345)
The Cultural & Behavioral Foundations of Kinesiology (KINES 100)
Action Methods for Stress Management (KINES 082)